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In creating this film our team spent a lot of time researching the evidence behind different birthing practices. We strongly encourage our followers to seek out information from all sides of the many issues that surround birth. If you are interested in reading some of the articles and websites referenced in our film, we've compiled a list just for you!

Journal Articles

Anderson, R.E.,& Murphy, PA. (1995) Outcomes of 11,788 planned home births attended by certified nurse- midwives. A retrospective descriptive study. J Nurse Midwifery 40, 483-92.

Burgin, K. (1998) Centering Pregnancy. An Interdisciplinary Model of Empowerment. Journal of Nurse-Midwifery 43 (1), 46-54.

Cluett, E.R., Burns, E. (2009) Immersion in water in labour and birth. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (2)

de Jonge, A., van der Goes, B.Y., Ravelli, A.C., et al. (2009). Perinatal mortality and morbidity in a nationwide cohort
of 529 688 low-risk planned home and hospital births. BJOG 116 (9).

Hodnett, E.D., Gates, S., Hofmeyr, G.J., Sakala, C.,& Weston, J. (2011). Continuous support for women during
childbirth (Review). Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. (2)

Janssen, P.A., Lee, S.K., & Ryan, E.M., et al.(2002). Outcomes of planned home births versus planned hospital births
after regulation of midwifery in British Columbia. CMAJ,166(3), 315-23.

Janssen, P. A., Saxell, L., Page, L. A., Klein, M.C., Liston, R.M., & Lee, S.K. (2009). Outcomes of planned home birth with registered midwife versus planned hospital birth with midwife or physician. Canadian Medical Association Journal, 181, (6-7), 377-383.

Joint Policy Statement on Normal Childbirth. (2008). J Obstet Gynaecol Can, 30(12):1163–1165.

Johnson, K.C., & Daviss, B.A. (2005). Outcomes of planned home births with certified professional midwives: large prospective study in North America. BMJ 330:1416.

Kennel,l J., Klaus, M., McGrath, S., Robertson, S., & Hinkley, C.(1991) Continuous emotional support during labor in a US hospital. A randomized controlled trial. JAMA. 265(17):2197-2201

Lindgren, H.E., Radestad, I.J., Christensson, K., et al. (2008). Outcome of planned home births compared to hospital births in Sweden between 1992 and 2004. A population- based register study. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 87(7). 751-9.

McLachlan, H., & Forster, D. The safety of home birth: Is the evidence good enough? (2009). 181 (6-7), 359-60.

Peterson, W.E., Jennifer M. Medves, J.M., Davies, B.L., & Ian D. Graham, I.D. (2007). Multidisciplinary Collaborative
Maternity Care in Canada: Easier Said Than Done. J Obstet Gynaecol Can, 29(11):880-86.

Policy Statement on Midwifery.(2009). J J Obstet Gynaecol Can, 31(7): 662.

Reid , A.J., Grava-Gubins, I. ,& J. C. Carroll, J.C. (2000). Family physicians in maternity care. Still in the game? Report from the CFPC's Janus Project. Canadian Family Physician, 46. 601-11.

Wiegers, T.A., Kierse, M.J., van der Zee, J., et al. (1996) Outcome of planned home and planned hospital births in low risk pregnancies: prospective study in midwifery practices in The Netherlands. BMJ 313:1309-13.

Website resources:

A National Birthing Initiative for Canada. (2008). Society of Obstetricians and Gynecologists of Canada.

Midwifery Care and Normal Birth. (2010). Canadian Association of Midwives.

News Release. (2011) Society of Obstetricians and Gynecologists of Canada.

What is a Canadian Registered Midwife? Canadian Midwifery Regulators Consortium. Available at:

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